IV. International Joint Science Congress of Materials and Polymers (ISCMP), 7 - 10 October 2020, pp.39
Plastic and microplastics are an indispensable part of today s and were used in a variety of areas of industry and daily life. In the process, the plastic disintegrates into microplastics, whereby the particles become so small that even microorganisms can absorb them. Plastics and plastic pollution in the oceans, seas, and coastal waters tend to increase rapidly. In this study carried out in the ten sites in the Çanakkale Strait, is the first reference to the detection ofPicroplastics distribution by Mantha Net at surface waters by Autum 2020. Filtered 84 514 m3 seawater totally. The average level ofPicroplastics in the surface ( 0-30 cm) was determined to be 2 555 789 item /km2. The total distribution according to the types of particles as Plastic Films (n =20000 item /km2); Filaments (n= 10000 item /km2); Plastic Fragments (n = 210000 item /km2); Plastic Granules (n= 10000 item/km2); Foams ( n=10000 item /km2) in different colour, shape and size. Finally samples were caracterized by ATR-FTIR and DSC measurements. Plastic fragments and opaque filsm were identified as polyethylene (PE), transparent films were polyvinly chloride (PVC). Microplastics in the form of granules and foam were identified as polypropylene (PP) and polystyrene (PS), respectively.
Keywords: Microplastics, Çanakkale Strait, Pollution, ATR-FTIR