Evaluation of the role of enzyme activities in the silvering process of European eels (Anguilla anguilla)

Gurkan S. E. , MESTAV B., Ozdilek S. Y.

ICHTHYOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10228-022-00870-5
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Anguilla Anguilla, Digestive enzyme, Silver stage, Stress enzyme, Yellow stage, IN-SITU, FEMALE SILVER, AMERICAN EELS, L., METAMORPHOSIS, RESPONSES, DAMAGE, FISH, AGE, STARVATION
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


This study was carried out to determine the relationships between various morphological parameters, body condition data, and digestive and stress enzyme activities due to silvering in European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.) collected from four locations in Turkey. The yellow and silver eels were caught from Asi River, Koycegiz, Gulluk Bay, and Bafa Lake in November-December 2020. Total body length, eye diameter, and pectoral fin length were measured as morphological parameters. In addition, body fat percentage, gonado-somatic index, and Fulton's condition factor were calculated, and also weight was assayed as body condition data. The variations of alpha-amylase, lipase, trypsin, and pepsin enzymes, and superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase enzyme activities were measured. The results supported the differences of yellow and silver stage samples in terms of both morphological and physiological parameters and also showed that the digestive and stress enzyme activities of the silver and yellow stage samples were significantly different (p <= 0.05). We think this study will make a physiological contribution in terms of digestive and stress enzyme levels to better understand and elaborate the silvering stage of eels.