A Practical Approach for the Detection of Protein Tau with a Portable Potentiostat


KARABOĞA M. N. S. , SEZGİNTÜRK M. K.

ELECTROANALYSIS, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/elan.202200072
  • Journal Name: ELECTROANALYSIS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, BIOSIS, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: portable biosensor, dropstat, tau, Alzheimer's disease, ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE, DIAGNOSIS

Abstract

Along with many factors, the change in protein tau isoforms, which has an obvious role in the function of microtubules, is an important biomarker of Alzheimer's disease. The aim of this study is to determine the protein Tau-441 with a portable potentiostat using a practical approach. For this purpose, screen printed electrodes (SPCEs) were first hydroxylated and then functional self-assembled monolayers were formed on the surface with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES). Evidence of anti-Tau being immobilized on to the surface was followed by techniques such as cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The constructed immunosensor showed a linear response within the concentration range of 0.0064-0.8 ng/mL for the target analyte Tau-441 and the limit of detection was found to be 0.0053 ng/mL. In addition, analytical behaviors such as reproducible measurements and storage life of the developed immunosensor with a portable potentiostat were also investigated. It has been demonstrated that Tau-441 can be captured with the help of portable device with sensitivity in CSF environment.