Can Regular Inspectıon of Cıty Wastewater be Early Warnıng of The Covıd-19 Pandemıc?- Short Review


Creative Commons License

Çakıcı N.

1ST INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RECORDS CONGRESS, Düzce, Turkey, 3 - 05 December 2021, pp.33-35

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Düzce
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.33-35

Abstract

The aim of this study is to compile the studies investigating the SARS-CoV-2 virus in urban wastewater and to present a conclusion about whether regular examination of urban wastewater can be an early warning in the Covid-19 pandemic. The "Novel Coronavirus Disease" (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which first appeared in the city of Wuhan, Hubei province of China at the end of 2019 and spread almost all over the world, continues to be a serious public health problem. Due to this disease, which causes severe acute respiratory failure, it has been announced that as of 29.11.2021, there were approximately 260 million confirmed cases in the world, 5.200.267 patients lost their lives, 8.7 million confirmed cases in our country, and 76,446 people lost their lives. The research is limited to studies conducted between 2019-2021. In the research, the literature was searched with the search terms "Covid-19, Wastewater, SARS-CoV-2" over Pubmed, Scholar Google, Medline, Scopus databases. Complementary approaches have begun to be explored to monitor this contagious disease at the population level. According to the common result of the studies discussed in this study, the surveillance of wastewater can be a complementary approach to measure the presence and even prevalence of infectious diseases. Wastewater-based epidemiology approaches have gained worldwide importance as a reliable strategy to contribute to the decision-making process of the health authority. Continuous monitoring of wastewater for SARS-CoV-2 can be an early warning sign before the epidemic starts in case of re-infection. Keywords: Covid-19, Wastewater, SARS-CoV-2