The inferences on the Aegean geodynamic context from 30 October 2020 Samos earthquake (Mw:6.8)

Creative Commons License

Över S., Özden S. , Demirci A. , Gündoğdu E.

Tectonophysics, no.815, pp.1-15, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.tecto.2021.228998
  • Title of Journal : Tectonophysics
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-15


On October 30, 2020, an earthquake with a magnitude of 6.8 (Mw) struck the northern coast of Samos Island in the Kuşadası Gulf. The solution to the focal mechanism indicates that the earthquake of 30 October 2020 occurred on a normal fault with nodal planes of E-W strike; thus, indicating extension in N-S direction. The fault plane solutions show a N-S trending extension for normal faults, which are obtained by inverting the moment tensor waveforms of 23 earthquakes and the P-wave first motion polarities of 11 aftershocks. A normal fault stress regime of approximately N-S (N6°E) σ3 axis is given by the inversion of slip vectors measured at sites located on land in Kuşadası. The mean R value is 0.84, suggesting that the stress regime is triaxial extensional stress state. The inversion of the focal mechanism of earthquakes occurring on land and in the Gulf of Kuşadası describes an extensional stress regime active today, characterized by an approximately N-S (N9°E) σ3 axis. The calculated R value of 0.31 indicates a triaxial stress state. For the 30 October 2020 earthquake (Mw:6.8), the Coulomb failure stress change analysis shows a substantial reduction in stress in the N-S direction supporting the kinematic results. The N-S extension in Western Anatolia-Aegean is largely influenced by the relatively fast movement of the Hellenic trench southwards, related to the sinking of the African plate beneath Aegean.