The Effect of Nanoboron Nitride on Some Properties of Biopolymer Nanocomposites with Cellulose Nanofibrils and Nanoclays


Al G., Aydemir D., AYRILMIŞ N., Kaygin B., Gunduz G.

DRVNA INDUSTRIJA, vol.69, no.1, pp.43-48, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 69 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.5552/drind.2018.1737
  • Journal Name: DRVNA INDUSTRIJA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.43-48
  • Keywords: nanoboron nitride, polymer nanocomposites, cellulose nanofibrils, nanoclays, BARRIER PROPERTIES, THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY, OXYGEN BARRIER, MONTMORILLONITE, COMPOSITES, FILLER, PLA, POLYLACTIDE, MORPHOLOGY, STARCH

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of nanoboron nitride (BN) as nano-fire retardant on some properties of polylactic acid (PLA) and polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) biopolymer nanocomposites reinforced with cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and nanoclays (NC). BN particles, as nano-fire retardant, were added to enhance the thermal stability of the obtained biopolymer nanocomposites. PLA and PUB nanocomposites were prepared with a twin screw extruder and characterized with mechanical tests, TGA, and DSC. Densities of the PI A and PUB nanocomposites were found to decrease with the addition of NBN loading. The mechanical properties of biopolymer nanocomposites decreased, except for tensile modulus. A ccording to TGA results. NBN loadings generally improved the thermal stability of the PLA and PUB nanocomposites. The degradation temperature for weight loss at 10 %, 50 % and 85 % (T-10% , T-50% and T-55%) increased with NBN loadings: the value of DTCmax was determined to improve with the loading of BN. DSC results showed that melt temperature (T-m ) and crystallization temperature (T-c) generally increased with BN loadings, whereas crystallinity (Xc) decreased with BN loadings in PLA nanocomposites.