As a result of a study conducted to determine aphid species on herbaceous plants, shrubs and trees in cultivated and uncultivated areas from 2013 to 2015 in Canakkale Province, Turkey, 39 species and one subspecies in 24 genera of Aphididae family were determined. Of these species, Aphis sedi Kaltenbach, 1843 collected from Lampranthus sp. (Aizoaceae) was new record for the aphid fauna of Turkey. Also, Helianthus annuus L. (Asteraceae) and Pimpinella saxifraga L. (Apiaceae) were determined as new host records for Aulacorthum solani (Kaltenbach, 1843) and Hyadaphis foeniculi (Passerini, 1860) in Turkey, respectively. The present study and other current studies indicated that local studies are important for the aphid fauna of Turkey.