Microstructural and technological investigation of bone China reformulated with nepheline syenite and quartz addition

Kabakci E., Capoglu A.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY, vol.17, no.3, pp.1128-1140, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ijac.13410
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1128-1140
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, bone china body was reformulated by completely replacing Cornish stone with nepheline syenite and quartz. Effect of controlled milling/mixing on the technological properties and microstructural evolution was also studied. Specimens prepared both from reformulated and controlled milled/mixed bodies were sintered between 1200 and 1250 degrees C with 25 degrees C increment. Sintering and technological properties of reformulated bodies were not being adversely affected but conversely, the measured flexural strength values (55 MPa) were half of the value that was published for bone china (100 MPa). Microstructural investigations showed that enlarged pore formation was the reason for strength reduction. However, improvement in particle packing by controlled milling/mixing eliminated enlarged pore formation and in response, flexural strength values increased to conventionally quoted levels. Detailed microstructural investigations revealed that the reason behind enlarged pore formation was heterogeneous distributions of body components, especially CaO and quartz grains. It was suggested that variations of CaO and SiO2 to form improper ratio between them would affect the viscosity of glassy phase and crystallization, which would prevent gases in pores to dissolve away. The obtainment of homogenous distribution of body components by controlled milling/mixing has a strong influence on the evolution of microstructure and improvement of technological properties.