Volatile Compounds, Chemical and Sensory Properties of Butters Sold in Canakkale


Demirkol A., GÜNEŞER O., Karagul Yuceer Y.

JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES-TARIM BILIMLERI DERGISI, cilt.22, ss.99-108, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 22 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1501/tarimbil_0000001372
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES-TARIM BILIMLERI DERGISI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.99-108

Özet

The aim of this study was to determine physical, chemical and sensory properties and volatile components of butter samples sold in Canakkale. For this purpose, color, viscosity, refractive index, melting point, moisture (%), total acidity (%), acid degree value and fat content (%) of the samples were determined in eleven butter samples. Volatile compounds were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Sensory properties of samples were determined by Spectrum (TM) method. There were significant differences among butter samples in terms of physical, chemical and sensory properties. Viscosity, refractive index, melting point, moisture, total acidity and fat content of the samples ranged between 45.40-62.0 cP, 1.3331-1.4672, 32.50-37.50 degrees C, 15.03-19.06%, 0.24-0.42%, 82-89%, respectively. Diacetyl, acetoin, acetic acid, hexanoic acid, butyric acid and delta-decalactone were major volatiles in butter samples. In addition, cooked, creamy, rancid and margarine-like were the characteristic terms developed by the panelists.