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Çakmakçı R.

The 7th International Mediterranean Symposium on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, İzmir, Turkey, 18 - 20 November 2021, vol.1, no.1, pp.234-243

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: İzmir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.234-243
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Sweet basil, belonging to the Lamiacea family, is of economic importance culinary aromatic herbs and is cultivated throughout the world, and its aromatic leaves are used fresh or dried as a flavoring for foods, confectionery products and beverages. The study assessed possible effects of NP (100 kg ha-1 N and 100 kg ha-1 P) and P fertilizer (100 kg ha-1) mineral fertilizer, two commercial liquid bio-fertilizer and inoculation with multi-traits bacteria based three consortium in three strains combinations (Pseudomonas fluorescens RC512 + Bacillus licheniformis RC601 + Bacillus subtilis RC210, Bacillus megaterium RC16 + RC512 + RC210, and RC512 + RC601 + RC16) on the growth, yield, and oil content in various sweet basil (Ispir, Yusufeli and Kayseri) populations in field conditions of Çanakkale. The experiment was arranged as a completely randomized block design with eight treatments and three replicates. The biofertilizers and bacterial consortia inoculation involved dipping the root system of the seedling into a suspension of each formulations for 60 min, prior to planting. Inoculations of basil with RC512+RC601+RC210, RC512+RC210+RC16, and RC512+RC601+RC16, BMusaGreen, and BMusaVita and gave increases over control respectively of by 16.9, 19.1, 22.9, 18.1, and 20.7 % in plant height, by 14.1, 20.4, 24.9, 25.3, and 25.9 % in branch number per plant, by 7.2, 13.3, 16.4, 13.5, and 14.0% in fresh herba yield per plants, by 9.6, 18.1, 24.7, 17.9, and 19.5 % in dried leave yield per plants and by 15.3, 18.5, 17.7, 20.2, and 18.1 and 2.6 % in  essential oil ratio. NP and P applications, however, increased height of plant up to 22.9 and 13.1%, branch number per plant by 24.8 and 6.0 %, fresh herba yield of plants by 18.4 and 4.0 %, yield of dry leaves by 22.1 and 4.4 % and essential oil ratio by 18.1 and 2.5%, respectively.