Isolated single umbilical artery: Implications for pregnancy

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Sakar M. N., Oğlak S. C., Demir S., Gültekin H., DEMİR B.

Eastern Journal of Medicine, vol.25, no.3, pp.444-449, 2020 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.5505/ejm.2020.13540
  • Journal Name: Eastern Journal of Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.444-449
  • Keywords: Isolated single umbilical artery, Perinatal outcomes, Pregnancy
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


This study aimed to evaluate whether the presence of an isolated single umbilical artery (iSUA) is associated with a dverse perinatal outcomes. Fifty-one patients with iSUA and 54 controls were enrolled in the case-control study. Demographic characteristics and perinatal outcomes were recorded. All patients had normal umbilical artery (UMA) Doppler findings, and their de tailed ultrasound weeks were between 18 and 23 weeks. The birth weights of the babies in the iSUA group were significantly lower than the control group (2898.82±434.56 g vs 3143.70±419.09 g, p=0.004). In the iSUA group, oligohydramnios (7.8% vs 0%), preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) (3.9% vs 0%), preterm delivery (9.8% vs 3.7%), small for gestational age (SGA) (11.8% vs 3.7%) and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) (2% vs 0%) admission rates were higher than control group, but there was no statistical significance (p>0.05). But the total adverse pregnancy outcomes were observed in 35.3% (18/51) of cases with iSUA is higher than controls 7.4% (4/54) (p=0.001). In our study, iSUA is found to be associated with low newborn weight. In the iSUA group, oligohydramnios, PPROM, preterm delivery, SGA, and NICU admission rates were high, but there was no statistical significance. But the total adverse pregnancy outcomes were higher in the iSUA group. These results indicate that close follo w-up is essential to prevent and manage adverse perinatal outcomes in iSUA patients.