The Hellespont area, due to its key geographical location dominates in production, consumption as well as trading contacts between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean in the Byzantine period. Despite this importance of its, its archaeological data are rather limited. This creates a serious problem in the research on the Byzantine period. We conduct archaeological surveys in order to determine the Byzantine settlements on the valleys reaching the Hellespont and in order to understand the settlement patterns. An important group of the findings we obtained from these project studies are architectural sculptures. Numerous specimens of column capitals used in the structures were detected besides the pieces belonging to liturgical use among the architectural plastic items. The subject of this study is the evaluation of ionic impost type of column capitals comprising one of the groups with a large number of items among the column capitals. With this study, it is aimed to understand the quality of buildings which no more exist in the region and to contribute to the localization problems of the settlements. The works evaluated here are the ionic impost type of column capitals we detected both in our surveys in Canakkale and in our documentation studies in the Canakkale Archaeology Museum.