Pre-Service Pre-School Teachers' Opinions About Using Block-Based Coding/Scratch

Timur S., Timur B., Güvenç E., Us İ., Yalçınkaya Önder E.

Acta Didactica Napocensia, vol.14, no.2, pp.299-317, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.24193/adn.14.2.22
  • Journal Name: Acta Didactica Napocensia
  • Journal Indexes: ERIC (Education Resources Information Center)
  • Page Numbers: pp.299-317
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, it was aimed to examine the pre-service pre-school teachers’ opinions about using block-based coding/Scratch in education. 28 pre-service pre-school teachers were participated studying at a public university in a Marmara province region. Within the scope of the study, pre-service teachers were trained on the block-based coding Scratch program for four weeks. A semi-structured interview form consisting of 12 questions was used to determine the opinions of the participants. The data of the study were analyzed using the descriptive analysis method. As a result of the study, 85.71% of pre-school teacher candidates stated that block-based coding education should start at an early age like a language education, this education is important as a necessity of the technology age and all students should benefit from this education in order to provide an effective education, 14.25% of teacher candidates specified that this education is untimely for younger age levels and should not be given to everyone. In addition, the pre-service teachers stated that the block-based coding/Scratch program training helped them gain new ideas in terms of creating materials, improved their creativity and contributed to design abstract material in addition to concrete ones. Additionally, 46.42% of pre-service teachers stated that block-based coding education should start between the ages of 5-7. In this context, it is recommended to provide coding education both in pre-school and undergraduate education.

Key words: block-based coding, coding education, scratch program, pre-school, pre-service teachers, technology, material design