Reductive Immobilization of Chromium in Soils Containing Heterogeneous Fe-Bearing Minerals

Dogaroglu Z. G., KANTAR Ç.

SOIL & SEDIMENT CONTAMINATION, vol.25, no.8, pp.857-867, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15320383.2016.1217827
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.857-867
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Cr(VI) immobilization in systems containing Fe-bearing soil minerals was studied in batch and column systems. Batch experiments showed that water chemistry such as solution pH and Cr(VI) concentration had a pronounced impact on Cr(VI) removal by Fe-bearing soil minerals. Acidic conditions were observed to be more favorable for enhanced Cr(VI) removal. The dependence of Cr(VI) removal on Cr(VI) concentration indicated that there were limited numbers of surface sites on Fe-bearing minerals responsible for Cr(VI) removal. A complexing agent, citrate, significantly enhanced both Cr(VI) removal and total Fe-dissolution from the mineral surfaces relative to non-citrate containing systems, and the iron drm, implying that Cr(VI) removal occurred mainly on mineral surfaces, andissolved from the mineral surfaces was in Fe(III) oxidation fo the surface Fe(II) sites played an active role in Cr(VI) reduction. The results from column experiments showed that the accumulation of surface precipitates resulted in clogging of pore spaces, thereby creating preferential flow paths within the column. However, the addition of citrate significantly prevented the accumulation of surface precipitates due to the formation of highly soluble Fe-citrate complexes. SEM images revealed that the precipitates accumulated in the column had sponge-like shapes. The energy-dispersive spectroscopy analysis provided further evidence that the surface precipitates formed also contained Cr species as well as Fe. Overall it is clear that Fe-bearing minerals may serve as an effective reducing agent for in-situ reductive immobilization of hexavalent chromium in subsurface systems.