The therapeutic effect of Cilastatin on drug-induced nephrotoxicity: A new perspective

Becerir T., Tokgün O., YÜKSEL S.

European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, vol.25, no.17, pp.5436-5447, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


OBJECTIVE: By creating nephrotoxicity models with cisplatin, vancomycin, and gentamicin in HK-2 (human renal proximal tubule cell) and HEK293T (human embryonic kidney epithelial cells) cell lines, we aimed to evaluate the effect of cilastatin on recovery of cell damage after toxicity had occurred. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the first phase of the study, the doses of cisplatin, vancomycin, and gentamicin (50% inhibitive concentration; IC50) were determined. In the second phase, the effective dose of cilastatin against these drugs was determined, and IC50 doses of nephrotoxic agents were administered simultaneously. In the third phase of our study, to evaluate the possible therapeutic effect of cilastatin after toxicity had occurred, the analyses of cell viability, apoptosis, oxidative stress, expression of kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) were performed. RESULTS: In the second phase of the study, it was observed that cilastatin increased cell viability when treated simultaneously with a nephrotoxic agent. In the third phase, cilastatin provided a significant increase in cell viability. After treatment with each agent for 24 hours, we determined that adding cilastatin to the medium had an effect on the recovery of cell damage by increasing cell viability and reducing apoptosis and oxidative stress. The expression of KIM-1 and NGAL increased when nephrotoxicity occurred and decreased with the addition of cilastatin to the medium. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the study suggest that cilastatin may have a healing effect after the development of nephrotoxicity.