Impact of Natural Compounds on Neurodegenerative Disorders: From Preclinical to Pharmacotherapeutics

Sharifi-Rad M., Lankatillake C., Dias D. A., Docea A. O., Mahomoodally M. F., Lobine D., ...More

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE, vol.9, no.4, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/jcm9041061
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: neurodegenerative disorders, Alzheimer's disease, dementias, Parkinson's disease, natural compounds, plants secondary metabolites, pharmacological activities
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Among the major neurodegenerative disorders (NDDs), Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD), are a huge socioeconomic burden. Over many centuries, people have sought a cure for NDDs from the natural herbals. Many medicinal plants and their secondary metabolites are reported with the ability to alleviate the symptoms of NDDs. The major mechanisms identified, through which phytochemicals exert their neuroprotective effects and potential maintenance of neurological health in ageing, include antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, antiapoptotic, acetylcholinesterase and monoamine oxidase inhibition and neurotrophic activities. This article reviews the mechanisms of action of some of the major herbal products with potential in the treatment of NDDs according to their molecular targets, as well as their regional sources (Asia, America and Africa). A number of studies demonstrated the beneficial properties of plant extracts or their bioactive compounds against NDDs. Herbal products may potentially offer new treatment options for patients with NDDs, which is a cheaper and culturally suitable alternative to conventional therapies for millions of people in the world with age-related NDDs.