A novel filter feature selection method for text classification: Extensive Feature Selector


Parlak B., UYSAL A. K.

JOURNAL OF INFORMATION SCIENCE, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0165551521991037
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF INFORMATION SCIENCE

Abstract

As the huge dimensionality of textual data restrains the classification accuracy, it is essential to apply feature selection (FS) methods as dimension reduction step in text classification (TC) domain. Most of the FS methods for TC contain several number of probabilities. In this study, we proposed a new FS method named as Extensive Feature Selector (EFS), which benefits from corpus-based and class-based probabilities in its calculations. The performance of EFS is compared with nine well-known FS methods, namely, Chi-Squared (CHI2), Class Discriminating Measure (CDM), Discriminative Power Measure (DPM), Odds Ratio (OR), Distinguishing Feature Selector (DFS), Comprehensively Measure Feature Selection (CMFS), Discriminative Feature Selection (DFSS), Normalised Difference Measure (NDM) and Max-Min Ratio (MMR) using Multinomial Naive Bayes (MNB), Support-Vector Machines (SVMs) and k-Nearest Neighbour (KNN) classifiers on four benchmark data sets. These data sets are Reuters-21578, 20-Newsgroup, Mini 20-Newsgroup and Polarity. The experiments were carried out for six different feature sizes which are 10, 30, 50, 100, 300 and 500. Experimental results show that the performance of EFS method is more successful than the other nine methods in most cases according to micro-F1 and macro-F1 scores.