A new approach to the management of acute appendicitis: Decision tree method

Erkent M., Karakaya E., YÜCEBAŞ S. C.

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE, vol.54, pp.142-146, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 54
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ajem.2022.01.034
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.142-146
  • Keywords: Appendicitis, Perforated appendicitis, Decision tree, Phlegmon, Ruptured appendicitis, Appendicitis, Perforated appendicitis, Decision tree, Phlegmon, Ruptured appendicitis, C-REACTIVE PROTEIN, DIAGNOSIS, PREDICTOR, SEVERITY, CHILDREN
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


ABSTR A C T Background: It is important to distinguish between complicated acute appendicitis (CAA) and noncomplicated acute appendicitis (NCAA) because the treatment methods are different. We aimed to create an algorithm that determines the severity of acute appendicitis (AA) without the need for imaging methods, using the decision tree method. Methods: The patients were analyzed retrospectively and divided into two groups as CAA and NCAA. Age, gender, Alvarado scores, white blood cell values (WBC), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios (NLR), C-reactive protein value (CRP), albumin value and CRP/Albumin ratios of the patients were recorded. Results: In the algorithm we created, the most important parameter in the distinction between CAA and NCAA is CRP. NLR is predictive in patients with a CRP value of <= 107.565 mg/L, and the critical value is NLR 2.165. In pa-tients with a CRP value of >107.565 mg/L, albumin is the determinant and the critical value is 2.85 g/dL. Age, gen -der, alvarado score and CRP/albumin ratio have no significance in distinguishing between CAA and NCAA. In the statistical analysis, there were significant differences between NCAA and CAA groups in terms of age (39.56 years vs 13,675 years), gender (48.1% male vs 71.4% male), WBC (13,891.10/mL vs 11,614.76/mL), CRP (27 mg/L vs 127 mg/L), albumin (3 g/dL vs 3 g/dL) and CRP/albumin (9.50 vs. 41). Conclusion: Thanks to the algorithm we created, CAA and NCAA distinction can be made quickly. In addition, by avoiding unnecessary surgical procedures in NCAA cases, patients' quality of life can be increased and morbidity rates can be minimized.(c) 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.