Synthesis, characterization and evaluation of IPN hydrogels for antibiotic release


DRUG DELIVERY, vol.11, no.6, pp.381-388, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10717540490884804
  • Journal Name: DRUG DELIVERY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.381-388
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


We prepared new ternary interpenetrating polymeric networks (IPN) systems containing chitosan, poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) and poly(acrylamide) polymers. IPNs were synthesized by radical polymerization of acrylamide monomers in presence of glutaraldehyde (G) and N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide as crosslinkers and the other polymers. These IPNs were named as C-P-A. Glutaraldehyde were used in different concentration to control the network porous of IPNs. Spectroscopic and thermal analyses of these cylindrical shaped IPNs were made with fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, and thermomechanical analysis. Swelling studies of IPNs were carried out at pH 1.1 and pH 7.4 at 37degreesC. The swelling and diffusion parameters of IPNs in these solutions were calculated. Amoxicillin as a bioactive species was entrapped to the IPNs during synthesis. In vitro release kinetics of IPNs were investigated. The experimental data of swelling and release studies suggest clearly that the swelling and release process obeys second-order kinetics. The release of the entrapped bioactive species from IPNs depends on the degree of crosslinking of the polymer and pH of the medium at body temperature. We observed that amoxicillin release at pH 1.1 was higher than at pH 7.4. As a result, IPNs-based chitosan with different cross-linker concentration could be promising candidates for formulation in oral gastrointestinal delivery systems.