Intramolecular hydrogen bonding and tautomerism in Schiff bases. Structure of N-(2-pyridil)-2-oxo-1-naphthylidenemethylamine

nazır h., Yildiz M., yılmaz h., Tahir M., ülkü D.

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR STRUCTURE, vol.524, pp.241-250, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 524
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0022-2860(00)00393-8
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.241-250
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


N-(2-pyridil)-salicylidene (1) and N-(2-pyridil)-2-oxo-1-naphthylidene-methylamine (2) were studied by elemental analysis, IR, H-1 NMR and UV-visible techniques and the structure of compound (2) was examined crystallographically. The UV-visible spectra of 2-hydroxy Schiff bases are investigated in different solvents, acidic and basic media. Compound (2) is in tautomeric equilibrium (phenol-imine, O-H ... N reversible arrow keto-amine, O ... H-N forms) in polar and non-polar solvents. These tautomers are not observed in polar and non-polar solvents for (1) as also supported by H-1 NMR and UV-visible data. The keto-amine form of compound (2) was observed in basic solutions of DMSO, ethanol, chloroform, benzene, cyclohexane and in acidic solutions of chloroform and benzene, but not in acidic solutions of DMSO and ethanol. On the contrary, this form for compound (1) was not observed in the same solutions. The asymmetric unit of compound (2) contains two independent molecules of (C16H12N2O) which constitute a tautomeric pair. The observed differences in the related C=N (1.317(4) and 1.330(4) Angstrom) and C-O (1.279(4) and 1.263(4) Angstrom) bond lengths in the two crystallographically independent molecules indicate that the phenol-imine and the keto-amine forms coexist in the solid state. Intramolecular hydrogen bond lengths (O-H ... N) are 2.586(4) Angstrom and 2.518(4) Angstrom for the two individual tautomers. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/n with a = 5.837(2), b = 17.476(2), c = 24.295(3) Angstrom, beta = 91.95(4)degrees, V = 2476.9(6) Angstrom(3), Z = 4 and Dx = 1.3315 g cm(-3). (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.