Pathogen inactivation and by-product formation in a full-scale contact tank


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Kizilaslan M. A., DEMİREL E., Aral M. M.

11th International Conference on Environmental Science and Development (ICESD), Barcelona, Spain, 10 - 12 February 2020, vol.167 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 167
  • Doi Number: 10.1051/e3sconf/202016701011
  • City: Barcelona
  • Country: Spain
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Conventional designs of chlorine contact tanks in potable water treatment plants are insufficient in terms of disinfection efficiency due to low hydraulic and mixing efficiencies. Strong interaction of the turbulent flow with the solid baffles may adversely affect hydraulic, mixing and disinfection performance of the contact system. Recirculating and jet zones created in the tank may require high chlorine dosages to yield adequate disinfection levels, which can result in the formations of high disinfection by-products (DBPs) in the treated water. The use of treated water by the consumers with high chlorine dosages and DBPs may lead to environmental and health problems in the long-term. Disinfection efficiency of the tank can be increased by the modification of the baffles and required disinfection levels can be achieved using lower chlorine dosages. In this study, performance of a patented baffle design is evaluated by means of numerical simulations on a full-scale contact tank. Self-decomposition of the chlorine, pathogen inactivation and formation of Trihalomethane (TTHM) by-product are simulated using a second-order numerical model. Numerical results show that the new baffle design yields 3 -log inactivation by using 40% less chlorine concentration than the conventional design and the amount of DBP can be decreased by 43%.