Quality, reliability, and popularity of YouTube videos on urticaria: a cross-sectional analysis


Italian journal of dermatology and venereology, vol.158, no.4, pp.347-352, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


BACKGROUND: Recently, YouTube has been frequently used by non-physicians and physicians to share information and experiences about diseases. This study aims to compare videos uploaded to YouTube about urticaria in terms of quality, reliability, usefulness, and popularity based on the uploaded source. METHODS: YouTube was searched using the keyword "urticaria". From the search returns, we selected the first 60 videos created by physicians and the first 60 videos created by non-physicians. We compared the two sets of videos in terms of reliability, usefulness, quality, and popularity using the Video Power Index (VPI) score, DISCERN score, global quality score (GQS) and usefulness score. RESULTS: The mean DISCERN score, GQS, and usefulness score were statistically significantly higher (P<0.001) for videos uploaded by physicians than those uploaded by non-physicians. Although not statistically significant, the median number of likes and comments, the rate of views, and the VPI scores were higher for videos uploaded by the non-physician group. The mean DISCERN scores, GQS, and usefulness scores were statistically significantly higher (P<0.001) for videos uploaded by specialist physicians (dermatologists and allergists) than for those uploaded by non-specialists. Specialist physicians mentioned medical treatment for the condition more than non-specialists, which was statistically significant (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: YouTube videos about urticaria uploaded by physicians, especially specialists, are of higher quality, reliable and useful, but videos uploaded by non-physicians are more popular and have higher viewing rates.