A Survey of knowledge, attitude, and practices surrounding antimicrobial use by family dairy farmers to mastitis control


Preventive Veterinary Medicine, vol.214, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 214
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2023.105904
  • Journal Name: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Antibiotic resistance, Antimicrobial agent, Dairy, Mastitis
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


This study determined the family dairy farmers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding the management strategy of mastitis, antibiotic use, and antimicrobial resistance in dairy farms in Türkiye. A total of 455 dairy farmers participated in face-to-face surveys from the villages of Çanakkale in Türkiye. A total of 62 questions that were divided into 5 categories were asked of the participants. Farmers (252/455; 55.4%) noted that they had not heard of any term about the expression of microbial resistance. They believe that antibiotic residues (156/455; 34,3%) do not pass into the soil and environment with animal wastes, and diseases such as mastitis (173/455; 38%) cannot be cured without antibiotics. Farmers indicated that they used antibiotic therapy in the treatment of udder diseases such as mastitis at a rate of 44.8%. Moreover, most dairy farmers (78.2%) decided to start antibiotic treatment with the decision of the veterinarian. Farmers believe that the barn environment is not as clean as necessary at a rate of 23.5%, and the necessary hygiene conditions are not followed in animal care 23.4% as the cause of mastitis. They highlighted that they detected mastitis from the redness or swelling of the udder at a rate of 38.2%. 55.8% of the farmers participating in the study had undergone analysis for the diagnosis of mastitis disease. On the other hand, 57.4% of farmers tried natural products such as olive oil, soft soap, vinegar, clay soil, honey, soapy, and yogurt, instead of antibiotics treatment for mastitis diseases. They have been relying mostly on veterinarian recommendations for AU. The use of culture and susceptibility test results for antimicrobial selection should be expanded among veterinarians. All stakeholders should be included in periodic training programs on topics such as AU, AR, preventive treatments for mastitis, vaccination, public health, and environmental health. Surveillance systems are needed to monitor AU and AR in animals, as in human medicine.