City Square Design: The Case of Çanakkale Republic Square

Creative Commons License

Erduran Nemutlu F. , Derendeli S. C.

SPAD'20 International Spatial Planning and Design Symposium, İzmir, Turkey, 27 December 2020, pp.317-330

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İzmir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.317-330


The most common usage area of urban life since history is urban open spaces. City squares also are among the most effectively used urban open spaces. They reflect the urban identity due to their characteristic of being unique to the city they are located in. The squares, which are the focus of social activities, carry the history of the city to the place. The squares, which have undergone less change despite the changes and developments of the cities, have continued their existence for a long time as an important public and urban element that reflects and determines the culture and identity of that city. “Çanakkale Republic Square” also has these features. Cumhuriyet Republic, which is the focal point in the center of Çanakkale and has witnessed important events in the city's history, was chosen as the subject of study due to its qualities. The area should also be reconsidered and designed in accordance with today's needs in terms of landscape architecture. In the study, it was opened to make a future design proposal by making an environmental analysis of the square.In the study, RepublicSquare was examined and the occupancy gap analysis, environmental analysis, transportation analysis, function analysis, green area analysis of the area were made. Thus, all the components that make up the area (physical environment, reinforcements, plant elements, etc.) and their compatibility with each other were evaluated. As a result of the evaluation, it had been deemed necessary to reconsider the field in terms of functionality and aesthetics. As a result of the study, design suggestions has been made that will contribute to the implementation of the public and private sector in the field.