Burundi: A Conlict Intervention Design during the 1990s

Özçelik S., Engin Güder B.

Conflict Studies Quaterly, no.38, pp.40-59, 2022 (ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.24193/csq.38.3
  • Journal Name: Conflict Studies Quaterly
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.40-59
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Among many various conflict analysis methods, Dennis J. D. Sandole’s three pillar model presents a systematic road-map to identify the main issues, causes, and conditions of conflicts, as well as third-party conflict intervention approach. Three pillar model is also well suited to the analysis of complex conflict in Burundi and its intervention process by the third parties during the 1990s. This paper touches on the issues, causes, and conditions of Burundian conflict as Sandole’s first and second pillars suggest, but primarily focuses on the intervention aspect in line with the third pillar of the model. In this context, the conflict intervention framework in Burundi is examined based on the regionally launched Arusha peace process, which resulted in a peace agreement. Following that, given the multi-level nature of the conflict in Burundi, it is discussed how an effective conflict intervention can be designed in order to resolve conflicts and ensure positive peace in the country.