It is known that small alterations leading to different vitamin D receptor (VDR) alleles affect resistance or susceptibility to infections. In this study, we examined VDR gene polymorphisms in urinary tract infections (UTI), which are common and an important cause of morbidity in children and subsequently of renal scar formation. We evaluated 92 patients diagnosed with UTI and 105 children without prior history of UTI as a control group. The VDR gene polymorphisms BsmI, FokI, ApaI, and TaqI were evaluated in patients and controls. BsmI polymorphism genotype distribution was similar between groups. There was a significant difference between groups for FokI (p = 0 < 001); for the ff genotype, the risk of UTI was significantly increased (p < 0.01) ,at 3.94 times higher (odds ratio = 3.94; 95% confidence interval 1.71-9.09). ApaI polymorphism was significantly increased in the control group (p < 0.01) and evaluated as a protective factor. Comparing the TaqI genotype between groups, there was no statistically significant difference, but in both Tt and tt genotypes, there was minimal increased risk of UTI. The results of this study suggest that VDR gene polymorphisms can be important for susceptibility to UTI and renal scar formation. Association between VDR polymorphisms and UTI is in accordance with the understanding of how vitamin D modulates the immune response against infections.