A Kinetic Model for Chelating Extraction of Metals from Spent Hydrodesulphurization Catalyst by Complexing Agent


Alpaslan O., Yaras A., Arslanoglu H.

TRANSACTIONS OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF METALS, vol.73, no.7, pp.1925-1937, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 73 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12666-020-02007-6
  • Title of Journal : TRANSACTIONS OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF METALS
  • Page Numbers: pp.1925-1937
  • Keywords: Chelation, EDTA, Spent HDS catalyst, Complexing agent, Leaching, Metal recovery, HEAVY-METALS, MOLYBDENUM TRIOXIDE, CONTAMINATED SOILS, REFINERY CATALYST, ASPERGILLUS-NIGER, LEACHING PROCESS, HDS CATALYST, RECOVERY, ACID, NICKEL

Abstract

In this present paper, chelating extraction of metals from spent hydrodesulphurization catalyst was carried out using ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid as complexing agent. Mo, Ni and Co metals were precipitated in ammonium molybdate, nickel dimethylglyoxime and cobalt hydroxide forms at pH:2, pH:6 and pH:10, respectively. The highest metal extraction yields (90.22% Mo, 96.71% Co, 95.31% Ni and 19.98% Al) were achieved under optimum process conditions. The activation energy values (E-a) of Co, Mo and Ni were calculated as 14.36 kJ/mol, 16.85 kJ/mol and 15.93 kJ/mol, respectively. It was determined that leaching kinetics fitted to the pseudo-first homogenous model and the chelating process was controlled by diffusion mechanism. In the light of the kinetic data, the kinetic equation including the process parameters was obtained as follows: ln(1 - x) = 1.217 x 10(-4)[C-A)(1.068) (D)(-0.929)(K/S)(-0.850) (R)(0.185) expo(-6462.6/T)]t. The results provided a new approach both for reducing the solid waste load of the petrochemical industry and for efficient recovery of metals from the spent hydrodesulphurization catalyst using EDTA.