Synthesis and characterization of magnetic ZnCl2-activated carbon produced from coconut shell for the adsorption of methylene blue

Yagmur H. K., KAYA İ.

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR STRUCTURE, vol.1232, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1232
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.molstruc.2021.130071
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chemical Abstracts Core, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Coconut shell, Methylene blue, Adsorption, RMSE, SSE
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


In this research, a magnetic-activated carbon composite was synthesized to investigate its adsorption to methylene blue dye. Active carbon (ACz) was produced by ZnCl2 activation of coconut shell (char: ZnCl2, 2:1). Magnetic activated carbon (MACz) was prepared via an easy method by chemical co-precipitation of Fe3+/Fe2+. The pore diameter, pore-volume, and surface area of MACz were determined from N-2 adsorption isotherms. The ACz and MACz were characterized by several techniques such as BET, SEM/EDX, FT-IR, XRF, VSM, TGA, and pHpzc analysis. The average particle size, particle size distribution, and zeta potential of MACz were determined by Zetasizer. The zero point charge of the MACz was determined as approximately 4.9 pH. Moreover, the adsorption by MACz was investigated as kinetically and thermodynamically for removal of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution. The kinetics and thermodynamic parameters were also calculated. According to the results, the adsorption process was determined as endothermic. The Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms models were used and it was found that adsorption of MB onto MACz best fitted to Freundlich model according to RMSE, SSE, and R-2 values. The maximum adsorption capacity of the composite was calculated as 156.25 mg/g. Thermodynamic parameters (Delta H degrees, Delta G degrees, and Delta S degrees) were also calculated, which revealed that the adsorption process is spontaneous. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.