Pediatric Pain Management Knowledge Levels of Intern Nursing Students


Pain Management Nursing, vol.21, no.3, pp.290-298, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pmn.2019.06.012
  • Journal Name: Pain Management Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.290-298
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


© 2019 American Society for Pain Management NursingBackground: One of the most common problems in children that pain can not be managed adequately by the health workers. Knowledge level of nurses is an important factor in effective pain management. Aims: This study was designed to determine intern nursing students’ level of pediatric pain management knowledge (PPMK) and the affecting factors. Design: The study used a descriptive, comparative, correlational, and cross-sectional design. Settings: Research was conducted at a Nursing School of a State University. Participants/Subjects: The study was carried out on 72 pediatric nursing internship students. Methods: Data were collected using a demographic data form for affecting factors such as grade point averages, age, gender, previous pain education, and self-sufficiency, and a pain management knowledge questionnaire consisting of six subdimensions: awareness of pain, pain physiopathology, barriers to pain management, pain diagnosis, pain assessment, and pain control. Data were analyzed using quartiles, correlation, regression analysis, and the Structural Equation Model. Results: The mean age of the participants was 22.64 ± 1.02, and 63.9% of them self-evaluated their current knowledge as inadequate. The PPMK score was 67.58 ± 7.37 and the students got medium level scores from the overall subdimensions. On the other hand, they got the lowest scores from the pain control (29.35 ± 4.29) and the highest scores from the pain assessment (5.49 ± 1.55). A moderate level of significant relationship was found in the Structural Equation Model (p <.05). Conclusions: The students were determined to have a moderate PPMK level and get the lowest scores, particularly from the pain control.