Biosensing of glucose in flow injection analysis system based on glucose oxidase-quantum dot modified pencil graphite electrode


Sağlam O., KIZILKAYA B. , Uysal H. , DİLGİN Y.

TALANTA, cilt.147, ss.315-321, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

Özet

A novel amperometric glucose biosensor was proposed in flow injection analysis (FIA) system using glucose oxidase (GOD) and Quantum dot (ZnS-CdS) modified Pencil Graphite Electrode (PGE). After ZnS-CdS film was electrochemically deposited onto PGE surface, GOD was immobilized on the surface of ZnS-CdS/PGE through crosslinking with chitosan (CT). A pair of well-defined reversible redox peak of GOD was observed at GOD/CT/ZnS-CdS/PGE based on enzyme electrode by direct electron transfer between the protein and electrode. Further, obtained GOD/CT/ZnS-CdS/PGE offers a disposable, low cost, selective and sensitive electrochemical biosensing of glucose in FIA system based on the decrease of the electrocatalytic response of the reduced form of GOD to dissolved oxygen. Under optimum conditions (flow rate, 1.3 mL min(-1); transmission tubing length, 10 cm; injection volume, 100 mu L; and constant applied potential, -500 mV vs. Ag/AgCl), the proposed method displayed a linear response to glucose in the range of 0.01-1.0 mM with detection limit of 3.0 mu M. The results obtained from this study would provide the basis for further development of the biosensing using PGE based FIA systems. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.