GR24, a synthetic analog of Strigolactones, alleviates inflammation and promotes Nrf2 cytoprotective response: In vitro and in silico evidences

Tumer T., Yilmaz B., Özleyen A., KURT B., Tok T. T., Taskin K. M., ...More

COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY, vol.76, pp.179-190, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 76
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.compbiolchem.2018.07.014
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.179-190
  • Keywords: Strigolactones, Nrf2, NQO1, HO-1, Molecular docking
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Naturally occurring phytohormones have shown distinguished potential in chemoprevention and treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases in mammalian cells. Strigolactones (SLs) are a class of carotenoid-derived lactones regulating many aspects of plant development and recently recognized as phytohormones with promising anticancer activity. In this study, GR24, a synthetic analog and representative of SLs, induced the expression of phase II detoxifying enzymes such as HO-1 and NQO1 in hepatic and macrophage cell lines under normal and inflammatory conditions, respectively. This effect has been found to be mediated by Nrf2 activation. In silico molecular docking against 16-mer peptide binding site on Keapl suggested that GR24 may exert its biological activity by interfering with Keapl and Nrf2 binding. GR24 also displayed remarkably potent inhibitory activity against the production of nitric oxide (NO) and molecular docking analysis on iNOS supported experimental data. Furthermore, GR24 dose dependently suppressed the LPS-induced iNOS expression at both mRNA and protein level. It also significantly decreased IL-1 beta release, mRNA expression of IL-1 beta and COX-2, as well as nuclear accumulation of NF kappa B at the low micro molar range in LPS-stimulated murine macrophages. GR24 promoted AKT activation in insulin resistant skeletal muscle cells and downregulated the expression of enzymes, PEPCK and G6Pase control the rate limiting steps of gluconeogenesis in hepatic cells. The results of molecular docking and ADMET analyses indicated that GR24 might be classified as druggable molecule in drug design. Taken together, all results suggest that SLs can be promising multi-potent botanical leads for the mitigation of inflammatory-mediated chronic disorders.