The author aimed to explore primary pupils' perceptions of learning and to what extent they perceive learning is important to them. Fifty-five primary school pupils in Istanbul and Canakkale (Turkey) were interviewed. To analyze the data, A. Strauss and J. Corbin's (1998) grounded theory methodology was followed. NVivo 7 (QSR, Australia) a software program for qualitative analysis, was also used during the analysis process. Research findings revealed that pupils who have a low-socioeconomic background have stated that learning is for a reason of employability. The interviews also revealed that many pupils associated learning with memorization and listening. This showed that they perceive learning as a passive transmission.