The P- and S-wave receiver functions and dispersion curves of the fundamental Rayleigh wave are used to study the lithosphere within the Central Anatolian Plateau. The results for eight broadband seismic stations are presented. It is established that within the plateau, the crust with a thickness of about 35 km is underlain by the mantle lid with its bottom at a depth of about 60 km. The velocities of longitudinal (Vp) and shear (Vs) waves in this layer are at most 7.6 and 4.5 km/s, respectively, and the Vp/Vs ratio is close to 1.7 (i.e., by 6% lower than in the standard IASP91 and PREM models). Such a low velocity ratio is characteristic of rocks having high orthopyroxene content. Beneath the high-velocity mantle lid, the S-wave velocity decreases to 4.0-4.2 km/s and the Vp/Vs ratio is close to its standard value (1.8). At most stations, the P-wave receiver functions do not contain seismic phase P410s, which is formed at the global seismic boundary at a depth of 410 km. The seismic boundary at a depth of 410 km is related to the olivine-spinel phase transformation, and its absence can indicate the anomalously low olivine content and high basalt content. This anomaly is probably associated with the subduction of a large amount of oceanic crust during the closure of the Tethys. The results of the study overall indicate the high informativity of the used method.