A review on the removal of viruses by adsorption

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Eren M. S. A., Tanaydin E. S., Arslanoglu H., Ciftci H.


  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.2339/politeknik.846059
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Keywords: Covid-19, adsorption, carbon, metal organic framework, viruses, METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS, WATER, FILTERS, BACTERIA
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


The potential dangers of Covid-19 (SARS-CoV-2 Infection), which spread to almost all countries from Wuhan, China's Hubei province in 2020, have been the focus of attention of scientists worldwide Serious impact processes of Covid-19, ranging from pneumonia to severe acute respiratory infections and from kidney failure to death, continue to threaten millions of people. Isolation of pandemic species is of great importance for the development of appropriate treatment protocols in emerging viral infections. For this, it is necessary to develop existing methods as well as new methods. Viruses do not exist in living form in nature and they need other creatures to transfer their genetic material. In this respect, water resources and air appear as the most important means of transmission. Adsorption processes for the transmission means can be applied to prevent the spread of viruses and to inactivate them. In this review, the interactions of viruses with various adsorbents containing carbonaceous, oxidized, porous anf metal organic framework materials were examined. Electrostatic interactions were found to be more effective in target types of adsorbing processes of adsorbents used in water and air purification. Since the virus surface carries various organic functional groups, it is seen that it will interact with different adsorbents electrostatic and in this way they can be removed and both isolated and rendered ineffective. We think that our study will contribute to effective solutions to prevent the spread of other pathogens, including coronaviruses, by adsorption processes to be applied to air and water sources and to disinfect the specified transmission means.