A Workshop organized under the auspices of the US Office of Naval Research (ONR) and AMBIO, United States Of America, 1 - 04 December 2009, pp.111
The settlement and adhesion of marine cells are effected by chemical, topographic and biological properties. Inhibiting the settlement or adhesion strength of Ulva spores would be a major factor in the control of fouling. Surface roughness, surface free energy, bulk and surface mechanical properties are the most important characteristics to affect the antifouling and foul-release properties. Wettability is one of the surface characteristics that is controlled by the chemical composition and roughness of a surface. A number of investigations have explored the relationships between water contact angle, contact angle hysteresis and surface free energy of polymeric substrates with the settlement (attachment) and/or adhesion strength or various marine organisms.