Socio - Economic and Spatial Analysis of Location of Bursa at the Migration Preferences of Artvin People


Bahcali S., ÖZÖZEN KAHRAMAN S.

JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHY-COGRAFYA DERGISI, ss.37-52, 2016 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 33
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHY-COGRAFYA DERGISI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.37-52

Özet

During the historical period, the city of Bursa, has become one of the most popular center for immigrant settlers not only because it was industrially and commercially well developed city but also because of it's advanced business possibilities, educational opportunities, social - cultural potential and geographic advances. According to 2014 data from TUIK (Turkish Statistical Institute), %45.73 of Bursa's inhabitants are registered to a city other than Bursa. Immigrants of Bursa, come from a wide variety of cities. The level of migration flow from Artvin is especially notable. This study examines the historical background of migration flow from Artvin to Bursa, the factors which led to migration and the reasoning of immigrants preferring Bursa as well as their adjustment period. The Classifiation Tree was used as the statistical analysis method to this model the factors that have significant effect over the migration decision from Artvin o Bursa. In conclusion, the reason for migration from Artvin is economic in nature. In addition, the social interactions between the emigrants and the residents of Artvin have a significant effect over the decision to migrate.