A new methodology for the determination of enzyme activity based on carbon nanotubes and glucose oxidase

Yesiller G., Sezginturk M. K.

JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND BIOMEDICAL ANALYSIS, vol.115, pp.254-259, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier


In this research, a novel enzyme activity analysis methodology is introduced as a new perspective for this area. The activity of elastase enzyme, which is a digestive enzyme mostly of found in the digestive system of vertebrates, was determined by an electrochemical device composed of carbon nanotubes and a second enzyme, glucose oxidase, which was used as a signal generator enzyme. In this novel methodology, a complex bioactive layer was constructed by using carbon nanotubes, glucose oxidase and a supporting protein, gelatin on a solid, conductive substrate. The activity of elastase was determined by monitoring the hydrolysis rate of elastase enzyme in the bioactive layer. As a result of this hydrolysis of elastase, glucose oxidase was dissociated from the bioactive layer, and following this the electrochemical signal due to glucose oxidase was decreased. The progressive elastase-catalyzed digestion of the bioactive layer containing glucose oxidase decreased the layer's enzymatic efficiency, resulting in a decrease of the glucose oxidation current as a function of the enzyme activity. The ratio of the decrease was correlated to elastase activity level. In this study, optimization experiments of bioactive components and characterization of the resulting new electrochemical device were carried out. A linear calibration range from 0.0303 U/mL to 0.0729 U/mL of elastase was reported. Real sample analyses were also carried out by the new electrochemical device. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.