In the present work epigeic moss (Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw.) and epigeic lichen (Cladonia rangiformis Hoffm.) samples were collected simultaneously in the Thrace region, Turkey according to a regular sampling grid. Whereas the moss was found at all 68 sampling sites, the lichen could be collected only at 25 of the sites, presumably because lichens are more sensitive than mosses with respect to air pollution and climatic variations. All elements showed higher accumulation in the moss than in the lichen whereas element inter-correlations were generally higher in the lichen. All considered the moss was judged to be a better choice than the lichen for biomonitoring of atmospheric deposition of metals in this case, and it is argued that mosses may be generally more suited than lichens for this purpose.