Dose estimation, kinetics and dating of fossil marine mollusc shells from northwestern part of Turkey

Aydas C., Engin B., Kapan S., Komut T., Aydin T., Paksu U.

APPLIED RADIATION AND ISOTOPES, vol.105, pp.72-79, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 105
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apradiso.2015.07.053
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.72-79
  • Keywords: Electron Spin Resonance (ESR), ESR dating, Aragonite fossil shells, Mollusc shell, Canakkale, Turkey, ELECTRON-SPIN-RESONANCE, THERMAL-BEHAVIOR, ESR SIGNAL, COSMIC-RAY, CARBONATES, CURVE, TL, FORAMINIFERA, LUMINESCENCE, CO2--SIGNAL
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy was used to determine the geological formation age of fossil mollusc shells taken from marine terrace deposits (Ikizlerceme-Canakkale) in northwestern part of Turkey. This work reports the first results obtained by the ESR technique on shells collected from this region. In the ESR spectra of the natural and gamma-irradiated shell samples, two different signals attributed to orthorombic (g(xx)=2.0030, g(zz)=2.0015, g(yy)=1.9980) and isotropic (g=2.0006) CO2- ion radicals were overlaped (Signal C). Annealing and kinetic experiments suggest the possibility of using the ESR signal at g=2.0015 (C signal) for the estimation of accumulated geological doses. The ESR signal growth curve on additional gamma irradiation has been best fitted by a combination of two single exponential saturation functions. This may support the existence of at least two components of the g=2.0015 ESR dating signal. Based on this model, the accumulated dose of the samples was determined as 110 +/- 11 Gy. Also the isothermal decay curves of the ESR dating signal could be best described by the combination of two first order decay functions. Activation energy and meanlifetime values at 15 C of the two components were calculated as E-1 = 1.4 +/- 0.1 eV, E-2 = 1.1 +/- 0.1 eV, tau(1) = 7.2 x 10(6) years and tau(2)=33 x 10(3) years, respectively. Uranium content of the studied shells was found to be high according to their chemical analysis. This may point out that the marine shell has received uranium from outside particularly in carbonate sediment. Therefore, the ESR age of the samples was also calculated using Early Uptake (EU), Linear Uptake (LU) and Combined Uptake (CU) models and results were discussed. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.