Effect of Essential Oil of Origanum rotundifolium on Some Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, Seed Germination and Plant Growth of Tomato


Dadasoglu F., KOTAN R., Karagoz K., DİKBAŞ N., Cakmakci R. , Cakir A., ...Daha Fazla

International Conference on Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences (ICANAS), Antalya, Türkiye, 21 - 23 Nisan 2016, cilt.1726 identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 1726
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1063/1.4945848
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Antalya
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye

Özet

The aim of this study is to determine effect of Origanum rotundifolium's essential oil on some plant pathogenic bacterias, seed germination and plant growth of tomato. Xanthomonas axanopodis pv. vesicatoria strain (Xcv-761) and Clavibacter michiganensis ssp. michiganensis strain (Cmm) inoculated to tomato seed. The seeds were tested for germination in vitro and disease severity and some plant growth parameters in vivo. In vitro assay, maximum seed germination was observed at 62,5 mu l/ml essential oil treatment in seeds inoculated with Xcv-761 and at 62,5 mu l/ml essential oil and streptomycin treatment in seeds inoculated with Cmm. The least infected cotiledon number was observed at 500 mu g/ml streptomycin treatment in seeds inoculated with Cmm. In vivo assay, maximum seed germination was observed at 250 mu l/ml essential oil teratment in tomato inoculated with Cmm. Lowest disease severity, is seen in the CMM infected seeds with 250 mu l/ml essential oil application these results were statistically significant when compared with pathogen infected seeds. Similarly, in application conducted with XCV-761 infected seed, the lowest disease severity was observed for seeds as a result of 250 mu l/ml essential oil application. Also according to the results obtained from essential oil application of CMM infected seeds conducted with 62,5 mu l/ml dose; while disease severity was found statistically insignificant compared to 250 mu l/ml to essential oil application, it was found statistically significant compared to pathogen infected seeds. The results showed that essential oil of O. rotundifolium has a potential for some suppressed plant disease when it is used in appropriate dose.