A cross-linker containing aldehyde functionalized ionic liquid for chitosan

Yasar A. O., Kaya İ.

JOURNAL OF MACROMOLECULAR SCIENCE PART A-PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY, vol.56, no.9, pp.860-870, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10601325.2019.1617038
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.860-870
  • Keywords: Chitosan, 4-pyridinecarboxaldehyde, ionic liquid, aldehyde functionalized ionic liquid, polymeric ionic liquids, conductive chitosan, crosslinking of chitosan
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes


The synthesis of conductive and eco-friendly new chitosan composite biopolymer with a novel aldehyde functionalized ionic liquids (AFILs) was investigated in this work. The AFILs, 1,1 '-(pentane-1,5-diyl) bis(4-formylpyridin-1-ium) dibromide (C5PyBr), 1,1 '-(octane-1,8-diyl) bis(4-formylpyridin-1-ium) dibromide (C8PyBr) and 1,1 '-(decane-1,10-diyl) bis(4-formylpyridin-1-ium) dibromide (C10PyBr) have been synthesized and they were characterized by FT-IR, UV-vis and H-1-NMR and (13) C-NMR, TG, and DSC analyses. The synthesized AFILs, C5PyBr C8PyBr and C10PyBr were used as cross-linker for chitosan biopolymers and the cross-linked chitosan composites, chitosan/1,1 '-(pentane-1,5-diyl)bis(4-formylpyridin-1-ium)dibromide (Ch/C5PyBr), chitosan/1,1 '-(octane-1,8-diyl)bis(4-formylpyridin-1-ium)dibromide (Ch/C8PyBr) and chitosan/1,1 '-(decane-1,10-diyl)bis(4-formylpyridin-1-ium)dibromide (Ch/C10PyBr) were prepared. Herein, the synthesized AFILs have not only cross-linked chitosan, but also provide them the desired novel, functional groups. The prepared chitosan composites were characterized by FT-IR for the analysis of structural, TG and DSC for the thermal behavior, and an electrometer for the electrical conductivity. The electrical conductivity of the prepared Ch/C5PyBr composite was measured as 1.69 x 10(-5) +/- 2.37 x 10(-5) S cm(-1) by the four-point probe at room temperature and this value is higher about 4500-fold than the electrical conductivity of the chitosan.