Uluslararası Su ve Çevre Kongresi, Bursa, Türkiye, 22 - 24 Mart 2018, ss.2053
Aquaculture is the fastest growing food industry in the world. The global population is increasing, thus, the demand for aquatic food products is also increasing. Aquaculture systems depend on the use of natural waters and natural food chains. As worldwide seafood consumption increases, sustainable aquaculture must ramp up its production to keep pace with demand. As the global wild fish catch peaked in the 1990s, aquaculture or fish farming has grown rapidly to meet world fish demand, more than doubling production between 2000 and 2012. New research shows that aquaculture production will need to more than double again between now and 2050 to meet the demands of a growing population. The question is: Can aquaculture grow sustainably? Aquaculture isn’t without its environmental impacts. The aquaculture industry is able to boost productivity, the limited availability of land, water, and feed may constrain its growth. Sustaining fish supplies from capture fisheries will, therefore, not be able to meet the growing global demand for aquatic food and aquaculture is considered to be an opportunity to bridge the supply and demand gap of aquatic food in most regions of the world.