The Relationship Between Molar-Incisor Hypomineralization (MIH) and Dental Fear: a Pilot Study

Sezer B. , Tuğcu N., Durmuş B., Kargül B.

Revista Română de Medicină Dentară, vol.23, no.1, pp.58-67, 2020 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Title of Journal : Revista Română de Medicină Dentară
  • Page Numbers: pp.58-67


Objective: This pilot studywas to investigate correlations between molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) and dental fear.

Materials and Methods: Data were compiled from the dental records of 90 8-12-years-old children with mild/severeMIH. Dental examinations were performed by one calibrated examiner (BS) in university dental clinic, after the children had brushed their teeth, using an intraoral mirror. All the children completed the children’s fear survey schedule—dental subscale (CFSS-DS)Turkish version questionnaire. MIH scores were recorded using EAPD criteria. Data were analysed with SPSS®. 

Outcomes: The total number of children in the sample was 90 with 40 boys and 50 girls. The mean age of MIH patients was 8.93±1.33. CFSS-DS scores of children with mild/severe MIH were found as 31.4±10.67. CFSS-DS mean scores were 31.57±11.93 and 31.26±9.65 for boys and girls, respectively, the difference not being statistically significant.Regarding the individual items in the questionnaire, the item ‘injections’ seemed to evoke most stress in children with MIH in both gender. (3.21±1.41)

Conclusions: Children with MIHof their first molars had undergone a considerable amount of dental treatment. Experience of pain and repeated treatment process may be responsible for dental fear in these patients. Altough, a lack of association found between MIH and dental fear in Turkish childrenin this pilot study.