Preparation of composite hydrogels containing fly ash as low-cost adsorbent material and its use in dye adsorption


Onder A., Ilgin P., Ozay H., Ozay Ö.

International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, vol.19, no.8, pp.7031-7048, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13762-021-03622-6
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.7031-7048
  • Keywords: Composite hydrogel, Fly ash, Methylene blue, Methyl orange, Isotherm, Kinetics, METHYLENE-BLUE, REMOVAL, WATER, NANOCOMPOSITES, MICROSPHERES, CELLULOSE, PH
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2021, Islamic Azad University (IAU).Abstract: Recycling industrial wastes is necessary for the economy and the environment. Additionally, it is important to develop high-efficiency adsorbents to prevent severe water pollution caused by wastewater containing dye agents. Here, poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid)-fly ash composite hydrogel was synthesized with a variety of fly ash proportions with the radical polymerization method. The synthesized composite hydrogel was used for adsorption of methylene blue and methyl orange dyes from water containing dye agents. A variety of parameters such as initial dye concentration, solution pH, anion effects, temperature, contact time and adsorbent amount were investigated for optimization of the adsorption process. The poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid)-fly ash composite hydrogel was determined to be an effective adsorbent to remove both the cationic dye methylene blue (1438.68 mg g−1) and the anionic dye methyl orange (646.54 mg g−1). Experimental adsorption data were assessed with a variety of isotherm and kinetic models. It was determined that the adsorption of both dye molecules abided by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The thermodynamic parameters were determined as ΔH° = − 15.77 ± 5.22 kJ mol−1, ΔS = − 45.05 ± 16.42 J mol−1 K−1 and ΔG° < 0 for MB, ΔH° = − 20.13 ± 4.83 kJ mol−1, ΔS = − 72.87 ± 15.20 J mol−1 K−1 and ΔG° > 0 for MO. In conclusion, a material was synthesized that can be used as a single adsorbent composite material for both anionic and cationic dyes. In addition to the perfect adsorption capacity of this material, it offers reusability and a broad area of application for a variety of dye agents. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]