Synthesis of a novel graphene-kaolin-alginate adsorbent for dye removal, and optimization of the adsorption by response surface methodology

Nigiz F.

RESEARCH ON CHEMICAL INTERMEDIATES, vol.45, no.7, pp.3739-3753, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11164-019-03818-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3739-3753
  • Keywords: Bio-based adsorbent, Methylene blue removal, Response surface methodology, Experimental design, METHYLENE-BLUE, AQUEOUS-SOLUTION, ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY, ASSISTED ADSORPTION, ACTIVATED CARBON, WASTE-WATER, COLUMN, BEADS, OXIDE, NANOCOMPOSITES
  • Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Affiliated: No


In this study, a novel sodium alginate, kaolin, and graphene nanoplate based bio-adsorbent was synthesized and used for cationic dye removal from synthetic wastewater. Central composite design of response surface methodology was applied for the optimization of dye adsorption onto the bio-adsorbent. Effects of dye concentration (from 2.5 to 7.5ppm), pH (from 5 to 9), and adsorption dosage (from 5 to 15g/L) were investigated to determine the optimum design points. According to the experimental design, the lowest dye removal was found as 64.80% when the adsorbent dosage was 5g/L, dye concentration was 7.5ppm and the pH value was 5. According to the design response, 63.16% of dye removal was achieved at the same conditions. The highest dye removal of 95.42% was obtained when the pH was 5, dye concentration was 2.5ppm and the adsorbent dosage was 15g/L. The experimental study gave the removal result of 94.94% at the same operating conditions. The model fitted with the experimental values with R-2=0.97. The regeneration efficiency and reusability of graphene-kaolin-alginate beads were investigated by using desorption experiment. Adsorbents showed a removal efficiency of 97% after the regeneration.