Investigating the War Traces With Near Surface Geophysical Methods: Anzac Bay (Çanakkale)

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Kurban Y. C., Gündoğdu E., Yalçıner C. Ç.

International Journal of Research in Engineering and Science (IJRES) , vol.11, no.4, pp.725-731, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


The Çanakkale Land and Naval Battles are of great importance in terms of the intensity of the war, the size of the geography in which it took place and its duration. During the landing at Anzac Bay on April 25, 1915 and their retreat, the Allied Powers left behind their ammunition and equipment without taking them with them, either by burying them or destroying them. For this reason, the locations of all the traces and remains of the battle are still not clearly known today. Thanks to the technological innovations developing today, the detection of war remains buried underground is determined by near surface geophysical studies to be carried out in the determined regions. In the study area, traces of the war, such as trenches, buried underground, were detected with GPR, in 5 different regions, over a total area of 32000 m². In addition to geophysical studies, UAV flights were used to detect many structural remains of war (such as trenches, pits) that cannot be detected visually from the ground, and the UAV method applied with RTK-GPS was also used as a base for GPR measurements. As a result of all these processes, the anomalies detected during the measurements in the study area were identified and marked as on the map.