Highly sensitive and cost-effective ITO-based immunosensor system modified by 11-CUTMS: Analysis of SOX2 protein in real human serum


ÖZCAN B. , SEZGİNTÜRK M. K.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES, cilt.130, ss.245-252, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 130
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.02.112
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.245-252

Özet

In this study it is aimed to construct an immunosensor system for detection of Sex-determining region Y-box 2 (SOX2) antigen by using Indium tin oxide- polyethylene terephthalate (ITO-PET) as working electrode. Firstly, ITO-PET electrode surfaces were hydroxylated by using NH4OH/H2O2/H2O and were incubated with 11-cyanoundecyltrimethoxysilane (11-CUTMS), respectively. After silanization process, anti- SOX2 was immobilized on modified ITO-PET electrodes. All immobilization processes were examined with Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and Cyclic voltammetry (CV). The basic parameters such as 11-CUTMS and anti-SOX2 concentrations, anti-SOX2 and SOX2 incubation period were optimized. The immunosensor prepared under optimal conditions gave a response for a wide concentration range of SOX2 protein (0.02 pg 2 pg mL(-1)) and the limit of detection was determined as low as 0.013 pg And also, the immunosensor had good repeatability, reproducibility, reusability and long shelf life. Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) method was utilized to observe the morphologies of the electrode surfaces belonging to all steps. Lastly, seven different real human serum were analyzed with the constructed immunosensor and Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay (ELISA). The results found with these methods were analogised with each other. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.