MUTAGENICITY OF SUNSET YELLOW AND BRILLIANT BLACK IN Vicia faba L. AND Allium cepa L.


Ilhan D., Aki C.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, vol.19, no.5, pp.769-772, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Title of Journal : FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN
  • Page Numbers: pp.769-772

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to apply highly sensitive botanical tests of mutagenicity (Vicia faba L. root tip mitosis test, micronucleus test, and A Ilium cepa L. root tip mitosis test) to assess in vitro the biological responses induced by food-coloring substances. The mutagenesis was evaluated using two different food-coloring agents which are Sunset Yellow (E 110) and Brilliant Black (E 151). For mutagenesis, four different concentrations (10, 200, 1000, 2000 ppm) of both food colorants were applied to plants by spraying and adding to the irrigation water. All experiments were carried out under controlled conditions in the laboratory.