Input usage and gross profit analysis in canola production: a case study of Canakkale Province, Turkey


SEMERCİ A. , ÇELİK A. D.

CUSTOS E AGRONEGOCIO ON LINE, vol.17, no.1, pp.2-21, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : CUSTOS E AGRONEGOCIO ON LINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.2-21

Abstract

Canola plant is grown worldwide for different purposes, and it ranks second after soybean among oleaginous seeds. Turkey is one of the countries in which its oleaginous oil supply amount dosen't meet its own demand, therefore, Turkey's canola production has been increasing in recent years as an alternative oleaginous seed product. According to the data of 2017, Turkey's import value for oleaginous seeds and derivative products was 3,2 billion USD, in which 1,5 billion USD of it was oleaginous seeds. In other words, after petrol and petroleum products, oleaginous seeds and derivative products are placed on the top of Turkey's importation product groups. One of the products that can fill Turkey's oleaginous oil supply gap is the canola plant. According to the Turkish Statistical Institute (TSI) data of 2018, the proportional share of Canakkale Province in Turkey's canola production was 7.5%, making it the 5th region in canola production. The economic aspect of canola production was examined in this study and the data were obtained from 83 agricultural enterprises by means of the Complete Inventory Method. According to the research results, canola production took 1st place in the vegetative production pattern with 31.09%. The average canola production area was 8.41 ha, and average productivity was found as 2962 kg ha(-1). In the study, the canola production gross output value was 1095.94 USD ha(-1), the gross profit value was 293.60 USD ha(-1), and the net profit value was found as 80.17 USD ha(-1). It was also discovered that some subsidies for canola production such as field size based subsidies (diesel fuel and fertiliser subsidies) and deficiency payment subsidies; increased the gross output value by 27.31%, increased the gross profit value by 101.92%, and decreased production costs by 29.17%. In order to generate 2962 kg ha(-1) of canola, (which is the production amount average per unit area) 4.5 kg of seed, 260 kg of pure fertiliser, 3,30 lt of agricultural pesticide, 130 lt of diesel fuel, and around 20 hours of man and machinery power were used. In order to increase the canola production amount in the Canakkale Province it is necessary to; increase the level of irrigated production fields, increase certified seed usage, and revise the amount of deficiency payments according to the present conditions.