Mankind has utilized water sources and wetlands since their earlier times. As rnankind's dependency on water increased, water became a strategic commodity. The process of industrialization has increased the human pressure on the resources, and consumption has become unsustainable. The usable freshwater resources in the world have been significantly declining. The available potential of freshwater resources on the planet Earth is decreasing very rapidly as a direct consequence of unnatural processes including human-induced climate change and globalization as-well-as the lack of proper management strategies. The climate change is likely to create significant droughts in many parts of the World.